实践Substrate私有网络搭建

1 前言

本文参考:https://substrate.dev/docs/en/tutorials/start-a-private-network/,搭建Substrate私有网络,并将其托管到telemetry.polkadot.io上。

2 搭建步骤

2.1 安装 Substrate Node Template

# 安装依赖工具


$ curl https://getsubstrate.io -sSf | bash -s — –fast

# clone最新分支版本的Substrate Node Template源码


$ git clone -b v2.0.0-rc4 –depth 1 https://github.com/substrate-developer-hub/substrate-node-template


$ cd substrate-node-template/


$ git checkout -b v2.0.0-rc4

# 初始化WebAssembly编译环境


source ~/.cargo/env


rustup update nightly


rustup update stable


rustup target add wasm32-unknown-unknown –toolchain nightly

# 编译


$ cargo build –release

2.2 创建 Keys

使用Subkey命令,它是Substrate专用秘钥生成工具。安装方法:

$ cargo install –force subkey –git https://github.com/paritytech/substrate –tag v2.0.0-rc4

2.2.1 创建助记词

$ ./subkey –sr25519 generate


Secret phrase `text bubble owner rebuild damage today steel inflict mom book absent fiscal` is account:


  Network ID/version: substrate


  Secret seed:        0x29a4b095bb4ef2924cbc09f2c366cde44186de89348e8044b708527c35ae38dd


  Public key (hex):   0xec3ecd2ffebf75556c56e6cd183275a4017d70178d06c13d462a2245a902053a


  Account ID:         0xec3ecd2ffebf75556c56e6cd183275a4017d70178d06c13d462a2245a902053a


  SS58 Address:       5HQTpACjQHAE1o9niQctiFAzDLe4nKzMjjaW82ENTnS7DbGH

2.2.2 创建 Key Pair 1

注:用于区块生成的Aura账号需要使用sr25519,用于区块确认(finalization)的GRANDPA账号需要使用ed25519。

$ ./subkey –sr25519 inspect “text bubble owner rebuild damage today steel inflict mom book absent fiscal//jasonruan//aura”


Secret Key URI `text bubble owner rebuild damage today steel inflict mom book absent fiscal//jasonruan//aura` is account:


  Network ID/version: substrate


  Secret seed:        0xa63f8465e6b3d9380a2ffc4ca84256032d438d32eb4e42217a2176f255d35287


  Public key (hex):   0xc2b21193cf6669c82421036e382a945b45db9b0c24dff201cd341346bbe80d61


  Account ID:         0xc2b21193cf6669c82421036e382a945b45db9b0c24dff201cd341346bbe80d61


  SS58 Address:       5GTz3X4NeranDE5ZUj6EzK2PiR6xFokevbKyNQ4REc57DREC

 $ ./subkey –ed25519 inspect “text bubble owner rebuild damage today steel inflict mom book absent fiscal//jasonruan//grandpa”


Secret Key URI `text bubble owner rebuild damage today steel inflict mom book absent fiscal//jasonruan//grandpa` is account:


  Network ID/version: substrate


  Secret seed:        0xae72aa8342e70e624d2bb583616c2c15bbedf8b00f337886ee6abbad1e99d169


  Public key (hex):   0x5c066fdf0bfc266fdef4153371c07673108b4681005bfddb02b86612ee362866


  Account ID:         0x5c066fdf0bfc266fdef4153371c07673108b4681005bfddb02b86612ee362866


  SS58 Address:       5E9NB65gRVDMqNundHMFC3Umd4tdxocuWEcvAx31vj7hQPRW

2.2.3 创建 Key Pair 2

$ ./subkey –sr25519 inspect “text bubble owner rebuild damage today steel inflict mom book absent fiscal//rzexin//aura”


Secret Key URI `text bubble owner rebuild damage today steel inflict mom book absent fiscal//rzexin//aura` is account:


  Network ID/version: substrate


  Secret seed:        0x06e30e1b0e598d61c4a38feb80ea1d75a958fd8a2dd3bd01ac6dcf0d8ef255a8


  Public key (hex):   0x9c3c7edccb0c653c6a867ed9b51cf8a21265a6099109f8bbc03517df65ad7c71


  Account ID:         0x9c3c7edccb0c653c6a867ed9b51cf8a21265a6099109f8bbc03517df65ad7c71


  SS58 Address:       5FbZJF6Afe2xsM2QnsRSGW7nDkXwBMNKUmFdUp6jEL9QTEjX

$ ./subkey –ed25519 inspect “text bubble owner rebuild damage today steel inflict mom book absent fiscal//rzexin//grandpa”


Secret Key URI `text bubble owner rebuild damage today steel inflict mom book absent fiscal//rzexin//grandpa` is account:


  Network ID/version: substrate


  Secret seed:        0x11a7c60cc1e1934e549da88512ea4b9dbb53bed6845af90d3e12f67a39b4ae48


  Public key (hex):   0x9d1811c2cc677a55b04eac77a4390b64a1760e93cfe5577500c89cc921372aec


  Account ID:         0x9d1811c2cc677a55b04eac77a4390b64a1760e93cfe5577500c89cc921372aec


  SS58 Address:       5FcgXQtGzM7SrrAEZjyA9KQzBmpWTyfP8tWBgAFyYC2m1foX

2.3 创建用户自定义 chain spec 文件

2.3.1 创建 chain spec 文件

$ ./target/release/node-template build-spec –disable-default-bootnode –chain local > customSpec.json


2020-07-22 20:17:44 Building chain spec

2.3.2 修改 chain spec 文件

将customSpec.json文件中相关配置,改成前面创建的地址

 
“name”: “jsrzx Testnet”,


  “id”: “jsrzx_testnet”,

      “aura”: {


        “authorities”: [


          “5GTz3X4NeranDE5ZUj6EzK2PiR6xFokevbKyNQ4REc57DREC”,


          “5FbZJF6Afe2xsM2QnsRSGW7nDkXwBMNKUmFdUp6jEL9QTEjX”


        ]


      },


      “grandpa”: {


        “authorities”: [


          [


            “5E9NB65gRVDMqNundHMFC3Umd4tdxocuWEcvAx31vj7hQPRW”,


            1


          ],


          [


            “5FcgXQtGzM7SrrAEZjyA9KQzBmpWTyfP8tWBgAFyYC2m1foX”,


            1


          ]


        ]


      },


      “balances”: {


        “balances”: [


          [


            “5GTz3X4NeranDE5ZUj6EzK2PiR6xFokevbKyNQ4REc57DREC”,


            1152921504606846976


          ],


          [


            “5FbZJF6Afe2xsM2QnsRSGW7nDkXwBMNKUmFdUp6jEL9QTEjX”,


            1152921504606846976


          ],


        ]


      },


      “sudo”: {


        “key”: “5GTz3X4NeranDE5ZUj6EzK2PiR6xFokevbKyNQ4REc57DREC”


      }

2.3.3 创建 chain spec raw 文件

$ ./target/release/node-template build-spec –chain=customSpec.json –raw –disable-default-bootnode > customSpecRaw.json


2020-07-22 20:23:48 Building chain spec

2.4 创建私有网络

2.4.1 启动Bootnode节点

2.4.1.1 执行启动命令

$ ./target/release/node-template   –ws-external –rpc-external –rpc-cors=all   –base-path /tmp/jsrzx-bootnode01   –chain=./customSpecRaw.json   –port 30333   –ws-port 9944   –rpc-port 9933   –telemetry-url ‘ws://telemetry.polkadot.io:1024 0’   –validator   –rpc-methods=Unsafe   –name jsrzx-BootNode01


2020-07-22 22:04:20 It isn’t safe to expose RPC publicly without a proxy server that filters available set of RPC methods.


2020-07-22 22:04:20 It isn’t safe to expose RPC publicly without a proxy server that filters available set of RPC methods.


2020-07-22 22:04:20 Substrate Node


2020-07-22 22:04:20   version 2.0.0-rc4-54c58a2-x86_64-linux-gnu


2020-07-22 22:04:20   by Substrate DevHub <https://github.com/substrate-developer-hub>, 2017-2020


2020-07-22 22:04:20  Chain specification: jsrzx Testnet


2020-07-22 22:04:20   Node name: jsrzx-BootNode01


2020-07-22 22:04:20  Role: AUTHORITY


2020-07-22 22:04:20  Database: RocksDb at /tmp/jsrzx-bootnode01/chains/jsrzx_testnet/db


2020-07-22 22:04:20   Native runtime: node-template-1 (node-template-1.tx1.au1)


2020-07-22 22:04:20  Initializing Genesis block/state (state: 0xd10f…a688, header-hash: 0x8647…f715)


2020-07-22 22:04:20  Loading GRANDPA authority set from genesis on what appears to be first startup.


2020-07-22 22:04:20   Loaded block-time = 6000 milliseconds from genesis on first-launch


2020-07-22 22:04:20  Highest known block at #0


2020-07-22 22:04:20 Using default protocol ID “sup” because none is configured in the chain specs


2020-07-22 22:04:20   Local node identity is: 12D3KooWC2mv6TUKbQbgujE57BWXtPdZM45E1tXtr8ekpUFwZoMX (legacy representation: QmYNUMrY5ow2Ev9zm5fZ2VdE3mQQcmfbzrSsyXaRAppMXc)


2020-07-22 22:04:20  Prometheus server started at 127.0.0.1:9615


2020-07-22 22:04:25  Idle (0 peers), best: #0 (0x8647…f715), finalized #0 (0x8647…f715), ⬇ 0 ⬆ 0


2020-07-22 22:04:30  Idle (0 peers), best: #0 (0x8647…f715), finalized #0 (0x8647…f715), ⬇ 0 ⬆ 0


2020-07-22 22:04:35  Idle (0 peers), best: #0 (0x8647…f715), finalized #0 (0x8647…f715), ⬇ 0 ⬆ 0

启动后,我们并未看到有区块产生,还需要执行下面的操作。

接下来我们需要把我们创建的keys添加到该节点的keystore里面,这步操作在后续每个网络节点部署时都必不可少。

2.4.1.2 添加keys到keystore

方式一:使用Polkadot-JS Apps UI

实践Substrate私有网络搭建

方式二:使用 curl 命令

· 添加 aura1

curl http://localhost:9933 -H “Content-Type:application/json;charset=utf-8” -d “@aura1.json”
{“jsonrpc”:”2.0″,”result”:null,”id”:1}

{
  “jsonrpc”:”2.0″,
  “id”:1,
  “method”:”author_insertKey”,
  “params”: [
    “aura”,
    “text bubble owner rebuild damage today steel inflict mom book absent fiscal//jasonruan//aura”,
    “0xc2b21193cf6669c82421036e382a945b45db9b0c24dff201cd341346bbe80d61”
  ]
}

· 添加 grandpa1

curl http://localhost:9933 -H “Content-Type:application/json;charset=utf-8” -d “@gran1.json”
{“jsonrpc”:”2.0″,”result”:null,”id”:1}

{
  “jsonrpc”:”2.0″,
  “id”:1,
  “method”:”author_insertKey”,
  “params”: [
    “gran”,
    “text bubble owner rebuild damage today steel inflict mom book absent fiscal//jasonruan//grandpa”,
    “0x5c066fdf0bfc266fdef4153371c07673108b4681005bfddb02b86612ee362866”
  ]
}

2.4.2 添加验证人节点

2.4.2.1 执行启动命令

$   ./target/release/node-template   –base-path /tmp/jsrzx-validator01  –chain ./customSpecRaw.json   –port 30334   –ws-port 9945   –rpc-port 9934   –telemetry-url ‘ws://telemetry.polkadot.io:1024 0’   –validator   –rpc-methods=Unsafe   –name jsrzx-Validator01   –bootnodes /ip4/127.0.0.1/tcp/30333/p2p/12D3KooWC2mv6TUKbQbgujE57BWXtPdZM45E1tXtr8ekpUFwZoMX
2020-07-22 22:05:24 Substrate Node
2020-07-22 22:05:24   version 2.0.0-rc4-54c58a2-x86_64-linux-gnu
2020-07-22 22:05:24   by Substrate DevHub <https://github.com/substrate-developer-hub>, 2017-2020
2020-07-22 22:05:24  Chain specification: jsrzx Testnet
2020-07-22 22:05:24   Node name: jsrzx-Validator01
2020-07-22 22:05:24  Role: AUTHORITY
2020-07-22 22:05:24  Database: RocksDb at /tmp/jsrzx-validator01/chains/jsrzx_testnet/db
2020-07-22 22:05:24   Native runtime: node-template-1 (node-template-1.tx1.au1)
2020-07-22 22:05:25  Initializing Genesis block/state (state: 0xd10f…a688, header-hash: 0x8647…f715)
2020-07-22 22:05:25  Loading GRANDPA authority set from genesis on what appears to be first startup.
2020-07-22 22:05:25   Loaded block-time = 6000 milliseconds from genesis on first-launch
2020-07-22 22:05:25  Highest known block at #0
2020-07-22 22:05:25 Using default protocol ID “sup” because none is configured in the chain specs
2020-07-22 22:05:25   Local node identity is: 12D3KooWD4fjwTCEtoHczV3bH1bzyouWtAS1VXtM5q49m9zWmrXu (legacy representation: QmUQMXzgnMwxzb47xHLxgHzfSuD1sUseDjtZ8CqUW1isJw)
2020-07-22 22:05:25  Discovered new external address for our node: /ip4/127.0.0.1/tcp/30334/p2p/12D3KooWD4fjwTCEtoHczV3bH1bzyouWtAS1VXtM5q49m9zWmrXu
2020-07-22 22:05:30  Idle (1 peers), best: #0 (0x8647…f715), finalized #0 (0x8647…f715), ⬇ 0.6kiB/s ⬆ 0.6kiB/s
2020-07-22 22:05:35  Idle (1 peers), best: #0 (0x8647…f715), finalized #0 (0x8647…f715), ⬇ 27 B/s ⬆ 32 B/s
2020-07-22 22:05:36  Imported #1 (0x2a04…4c11)
2020-07-22 22:05:40  Idle (1 peers), best: #1 (0x2a04…4c11), finalized #0 (0x8647…f715), ⬇ 0.1kiB/s ⬆ 77 B/s
2020-07-22 22:05:45  Idle (1 peers), best: #1 (0x2a04…4c11), finalized #0 (0x8647…f715), ⬇ 91 B/s ⬆ 0.1kiB/s
2020-07-22 22:05:48  Imported #2 (0x8c10…083e)

· 此时 Bootnode 节点输出

2020-07-22 22:05:25  Discovered new external address for our node: /ip4/127.0.0.1/tcp/30333/p2p/12D3KooWC2mv6TUKbQbgujE57BWXtPdZM45E1tXtr8ekpUFwZoMX
2020-07-22 22:05:30  Idle (1 peers), best: #0 (0x8647…f715), finalized #0 (0x8647…f715), ⬇ 0.2kiB/s ⬆ 0.2kiB/s
2020-07-22 22:05:35  Idle (1 peers), best: #0 (0x8647…f715), finalized #0 (0x8647…f715), ⬇ 32 B/s ⬆ 27 B/s
2020-07-22 22:05:36  Starting consensus session on top of parent 0x864739e39231bfe4eb360a45b24a79256dedd261525028f45c112dc48ea3f715
2020-07-22 22:05:36  Prepared block for proposing at 1 [hash: 0xfc7a3b7f071bad7bb008f981ffc755d8c52bd28fd4b7a6066f8e0d3e9fb9cee3; parent_hash: 0x8647…f715; extrinsics (1): [0xc222…88fc]]
2020-07-22 22:05:36  Pre-sealed block for proposal at 1. Hash now 0x2a04174f2ebb9e13e12f7eb936d6bf00452f5077399f724a99501b8c78124c11, previously 0xfc7a3b7f071bad7bb008f981ffc755d8c52bd28fd4b7a6066f8e0d3e9fb9cee3.
2020-07-22 22:05:36  Imported #1 (0x2a04…4c11)
2020-07-22 22:05:40  Idle (1 peers), best: #1 (0x2a04…4c11), finalized #0 (0x8647…f715), ⬇ 0.2kiB/s ⬆ 0.2kiB/s
2020-07-22 22:05:45  Idle (1 peers), best: #1 (0x2a04…4c11), finalized #0 (0x8647…f715), ⬇ 0 ⬆ 0
2020-07-22 22:05:48  Starting consensus session on top of parent 0x2a04174f2ebb9e13e12f7eb936d6bf00452f5077399f724a99501b8c78124c11
2020-07-22 22:05:48  Prepared block for proposing at 2 [hash: 0x340e597ba2794bf039d42ffd66013391555e78525166e2cd8e2c60ec93f446ed; parent_hash: 0x2a04…4c11; extrinsics (1): [0xbc14…f03d]]
2020-07-22 22:05:48  Pre-sealed block for proposal at 2. Hash now 0x8c10584f605a4cd3d93a70d047fb2e1ea80067f87776ab56ce132d9d405d083e, previously 0x340e597ba2794bf039d42ffd66013391555e78525166e2cd8e2c60ec93f446ed.
2020-07-22 22:05:48  Imported #2 (0x8c10…083e)
2020-07-22 22:05:50  Idle (1 peers), best: #2 (0x8c10…083e), finalized #0 (0x8647…f715), ⬇ 77 B/s ⬆ 0.1kiB/s
2020-07-22 22:05:55  Idle (1 peers), best: #2 (0x8c10…083e), finalized #0 (0x8647…f715), ⬇ 51 B/s ⬆ 51 B/s
2020-07-22 22:06:00  Starting consensus session on top of parent 0x8c10584f605a4cd3d93a70d047fb2e1ea80067f87776ab56ce132d9d405d083e
2020-07-22 22:06:00  Prepared block for proposing at 3 [hash: 0x1aaf8b572a750e24ad1b0ee0d0b1e5aa6832f6873526e6efe59126130e88bca0; parent_hash: 0x8c10…083e; extrinsics (1): [0x99e8…ddee]]
2020-07-22 22:06:00  Pre-sealed block for proposal at 3. Hash now 0xfa3e8f79aef17e48f0fd5338b9c754cbc3e349ace3246edbc5995a7d2f91ea7c, previously 0x1aaf8b572a750e24ad1b0ee0d0b1e5aa6832f6873526e6efe59126130e88bca0.
2020-07-22 22:06:00  Imported #3 (0xfa3e…ea7c)

我们可以看到连接已经建立,不断有best区块产生,但是没有finalized区块产生,这时需要我们在验证人节点也添加 keys,并且重启节点。

2.4.2.2 添加keys到keystore

方式一:使用Polkadot-JS Apps UI


实践Substrate私有网络搭建

方式二:使用 curl 命令

· 添加 aura2

curl http://localhost:9934 -H “Content-Type:application/json;charset=utf-8” -d “@aura2.json”
{“jsonrpc”:”2.0″,”result”:null,”id”:1}

{
  “jsonrpc”:”2.0″,
  “id”:1,
  “method”:”author_insertKey”,
  “params”: [
    “aura”,
    “text bubble owner rebuild damage today steel inflict mom book absent fiscal//rzexin//aura”,
    “0x9c3c7edccb0c653c6a867ed9b51cf8a21265a6099109f8bbc03517df65ad7c71”
  ]
}

· 添加 grandpa2

curl http://localhost:9934 -H “Content-Type:application/json;charset=utf-8” -d “@gran2.json”
{“jsonrpc”:”2.0″,”result”:null,”id”:1}

{
  “jsonrpc”:”2.0″,
  “id”:1,
  “method”:”author_insertKey”,
  “params”: [
    “gran”,
    “text bubble owner rebuild damage today steel inflict mom book absent fiscal//rzexin//grandpa”,
    “0x9d1811c2cc677a55b04eac77a4390b64a1760e93cfe5577500c89cc921372aec”
  ]
}

2.4.3 重启节点

之所以没有**finalized**区块产生,是因Substrate节点在导入grandpa key后,需要进行重启。

重启之后看到成功产生 finalized 区块。

· Bootnode 节点日志

$ ./target/release/node-template   –ws-external –rpc-external –rpc-cors=all   –base-path /tmp/jsrzx-bootnode01   –chain=./customSpecRaw.json   –port 30333   –ws-port 9944   –rpc-port 9933   –telemetry-url ‘ws://telemetry.polkadot.io:1024 0’   –validator   –rpc-methods=Unsafe   –name jsrzx-BootNode01

2020-07-22 22:10:31 It isn’t safe to expose RPC publicly without a proxy server that filters available set of RPC methods.
2020-07-22 22:10:31 It isn’t safe to expose RPC publicly without a proxy server that filters available set of RPC methods.
2020-07-22 22:10:31 Substrate Node
2020-07-22 22:10:31   version 2.0.0-rc4-54c58a2-x86_64-linux-gnu
2020-07-22 22:10:31   by Substrate DevHub <https://github.com/substrate-developer-hub>, 2017-2020
2020-07-22 22:10:31  Chain specification: jsrzx Testnet
2020-07-22 22:10:31   Node name: jsrzx-BootNode01
2020-07-22 22:10:31  Role: AUTHORITY
2020-07-22 22:10:31  Database: RocksDb at /tmp/jsrzx-bootnode01/chains/jsrzx_testnet/db
2020-07-22 22:10:31   Native runtime: node-template-1 (node-template-1.tx1.au1)
2020-07-22 22:10:31  Highest known block at #35
2020-07-22 22:10:31 Using default protocol ID “sup” because none is configured in the chain specs
2020-07-22 22:10:31   Local node identity is: 12D3KooWC2mv6TUKbQbgujE57BWXtPdZM45E1tXtr8ekpUFwZoMX (legacy representation: QmYNUMrY5ow2Ev9zm5fZ2VdE3mQQcmfbzrSsyXaRAppMXc)
2020-07-22 22:10:31  Prometheus server started at 127.0.0.1:9615
2020-07-22 22:10:33  Discovered new external address for our node: /ip4/127.0.0.1/tcp/30333/p2p/12D3KooWC2mv6TUKbQbgujE57BWXtPdZM45E1tXtr8ekpUFwZoMX
2020-07-22 22:10:36  Starting consensus session on top of parent 0x805367935836c821252e2377a2b40f9299c656a0110a282573ce9b68898b9477
2020-07-22 22:10:36 Timeout fired waiting for transaction pool at block #35. Proceeding with production.
2020-07-22 22:10:36  Prepared block for proposing at 36 [hash: 0x93a11511d172c3e01ea7d161fa050befc8b5ab5524335647e27a7f4701662557; parent_hash: 0x8053…9477; extrinsics (1): [0xa745…4d58]]
2020-07-22 22:10:36  Pre-sealed block for proposal at 36. Hash now 0xcd7199364b6caaf77d4f691f9db0dbdceddfbe5dbadec77b537e744420ed0802, previously 0x93a11511d172c3e01ea7d161fa050befc8b5ab5524335647e27a7f4701662557.
2020-07-22 22:10:36  Imported #36 (0xcd71…0802)
2020-07-22 22:10:36  Idle (1 peers), best: #36 (0xcd71…0802), finalized #33 (0x6dfb…9bb2), ⬇ 1.4kiB/s ⬆ 1.5kiB/s
2020-07-22 22:10:41  Idle (1 peers), best: #36 (0xcd71…0802), finalized #34 (0x8720…c226), ⬇ 0.9kiB/s ⬆ 0.9kiB/s
2020-07-22 22:10:42  Imported #37 (0xc532…2af4)

· 验证人节点日志

$   ./target/release/node-template   –base-path /tmp/jsrzx-validator01  –chain ./customSpecRaw.json   –port 30334   –ws-port 9945   –rpc-port 9934   –telemetry-url ‘ws://telemetry.polkadot.io:1024 0’   –validator   –rpc-methods=Unsafe   –name jsrzx-Validator01   –bootnodes /ip4/127.0.0.1/tcp/30333/p2p/12D3KooWC2mv6TUKbQbgujE57BWXtPdZM45E1tXtr8ekpUFwZoMX

2020-07-22 22:10:32 Substrate Node
2020-07-22 22:10:32   version 2.0.0-rc4-54c58a2-x86_64-linux-gnu
2020-07-22 22:10:32   by Substrate DevHub <https://github.com/substrate-developer-hub>, 2017-2020
2020-07-22 22:10:32  Chain specification: jsrzx Testnet
2020-07-22 22:10:32   Node name: jsrzx-Validator01
2020-07-22 22:10:32  Role: AUTHORITY
2020-07-22 22:10:32  Database: RocksDb at /tmp/jsrzx-validator01/chains/jsrzx_testnet/db
2020-07-22 22:10:32   Native runtime: node-template-1 (node-template-1.tx1.au1)
2020-07-22 22:10:32  Highest known block at #35
2020-07-22 22:10:32 Using default protocol ID “sup” because none is configured in the chain specs
2020-07-22 22:10:32   Local node identity is: 12D3KooWD4fjwTCEtoHczV3bH1bzyouWtAS1VXtM5q49m9zWmrXu (legacy representation: QmUQMXzgnMwxzb47xHLxgHzfSuD1sUseDjtZ8CqUW1isJw)
2020-07-22 22:10:33  Discovered new external address for our node: /ip4/127.0.0.1/tcp/30334/p2p/12D3KooWD4fjwTCEtoHczV3bH1bzyouWtAS1VXtM5q49m9zWmrXu
2020-07-22 22:10:36  Imported #36 (0xcd71…0802)
2020-07-22 22:10:37  Idle (1 peers), best: #36 (0xcd71…0802), finalized #33 (0x6dfb…9bb2), ⬇ 1.6kiB/s ⬆ 1.6kiB/s
2020-07-22 22:10:42  Starting consensus session on top of parent 0xcd7199364b6caaf77d4f691f9db0dbdceddfbe5dbadec77b537e744420ed0802
2020-07-22 22:10:42  Prepared block for proposing at 37 [hash: 0xa891f9f76b326856e5fc564a567372315e1924bf06ba69db6c7be13466a6ff73; parent_hash: 0xcd71…0802; extrinsics (1): [0xe180…6b2b]]
2020-07-22 22:10:42  Pre-sealed block for proposal at 37. Hash now 0xc532950ea2ee70a35b1d6e9f346b5c8f1ac3881770946f282f1942bcbe1e2af4, previously 0xa891f9f76b326856e5fc564a567372315e1924bf06ba69db6c7be13466a6ff73.
2020-07-22 22:10:42  Imported #37 (0xc532…2af4)

2.5 托管网络节点

节点启动成功后,我们便可以在telemetry.polkadot.io上查看创建的网络节点:


实践Substrate私有网络搭建

关键词: Substrate  私有网络  

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